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Myopia Risks to Eye Health

RISKS

Associated Risks of Myopia

Myopia is associated with increased risks to eye health in adulthood.
  • Myopic macular degeneration (MMD)1
  • Staphyloma2
  • Retinal detachment3
  • Primary open-angle glaucoma4
  • Cataracts5

Table 1

Table showing eye disease risks by level of myopia measured in diopters.
Table 1: The increased likelihood (odds ratio) of a myopic person > 60 years developing eye disease versus an emmetrope by degree of myopia6

Table 1 Tips

*Applies only to myopia of -6.00 to -10.00 D. Odds ratios are 7.8 for myopia of -10.00 to -15.00 D and 88 for myopia more than -15.00 D.
†Decimal visual acuity of 0.30 to 0.05 (approx 20/60 to 20/400).

THREATS

MYOPIA IS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO
EYE HEALTH OF THE 21ST CENTURY7

Prevalence of myopia

Graphic symbol showing “2x” with arrow directed upwards, representing doubling of population with myopia in recent years.
The number of people worldwide with myopia has nearly doubled in the past 7 years8.

Both Eastern and Western populations

Graphic symbol of globe representing worldwide prevalence of myopia.
Both Eastern and Western populations exhibit the same troubling trend of increasing myopia.8

No safe level of myopia,

Graphic symbol showing an exclamation mark to emphasize there is no safe level of myopia.
No safe level of myopia, with over 30% of Myopic Macular Degeneration occurring in people less myopic than -6.00 D.9

Every additional diopter

Graphic symbol showing arrow pointing diagonally upwards representing increasing myopia risk the greater the refractive error.
Every additional diopter of myopia increases the risk of MMD by 67%.10

25% of people

Graphic symbol displaying 25%.
25% of people with axial length ≥26 mm will develop visual impairment by age 75.11

Reduce the risk of sight-threatening complications in later life.

Prevalence of myopia

Graphic symbol showing “2x” with arrow directed upwards, representing doubling of population with myopia in recent years.
The number of people worldwide with myopia has nearly doubled in the past 7 years8.

Both Eastern and Western populations

Graphic symbol of globe representing worldwide prevalence of myopia.
Both Eastern and Western populations exhibit the same troubling trend of increasing myopia.8

No safe level of myopia,

Graphic symbol showing an exclamation mark to emphasize there is no safe level of myopia.
No safe level of myopia, with over 30% of Myopic Macular Degeneration occurring in people less myopic than -6.00 D.9

Every additional diopter

Graphic symbol showing arrow pointing diagonally upwards representing increasing myopia risk the greater the refractive error.
Every additional diopter of myopia increases the risk of MMD by 67%.10

25% of people

Graphic symbol displaying 25%.
25% of people with axial length ≥26 mm will develop visual impairment by age 75.11

MANAGING MYOPIA:
THE NEED FOR A NEW APPROACH